Tuzla is the third largest city in Bosnia and Herzegovina after Sarajevo and Banja Luka. The name Tuzla derives from the Turkish word for salt – ‘Tuz’. Tuzla is famed for its natural salt water springs and salt mines. According to historical records the Greeks were aware of the salt resources in Tuzla. The tourism industry has benefited from the natural salt lakes, waterfalls and beaches of Tuzla and the city boasts the biggest natural salt lake in Europe attracting about 400,000 visitors a year. Tuzla is the industrial centre of north east Bosnia and much to my delight, Tuzla is also the centre of health. As in the other large cities of Bosnia and Herzegovina there is a lot of atmosphere, live music, jam-packed street cafes and lots of shopping opportunities.
Sacred buildings in Tulsa
There are many historical religious buildings in Tuzla. In fact there are around 30 churches and numerous mosques dotted all over the place, many well worth seeking out. There is the Orthodox Cathedral which hosts a wide range of frescoes and the Franciscan Monastery of the Holy Apostles. The Franciscan monastery has a beautiful bell tower and you can ask one of the monks to let you up to the top for the most amazing views of the city. Tuzla also has a particularly beautiful, wooden mosque of Dzindi which is the oldest in the city. The many and varied sacred monuments of Tuzla reflect the multi-cultural values of this interesting city.
A brief look at Health Care in Bosnia
As Tuzla is the main health centre of Bosnia, I thought it would be interesting to look at a few facts and figures on the state of the nations health. The average life expectancy is 74.7 years for a man and 79.7 years for a woman in 2013. The top cause of death, similar to many other European countries is Coronary Heart disease followed by Strokes. Lung cancer is the third killer and breast cancer the fifth. According to a report back in 2001 by the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) the health care provision and the treatments available in Bosnia and Herzegovina at the time were insufficient to meet the needs of a country recovering from conflict and in a difficult post war economic situation. As of this time (2001) the report concluded that the health care available was significantly lower than other developed European countries and this is reflected in the life expectancy figures.
Tuzla town is situated at the south-eastern part of Majevica Mountain. The first time that this town was mentioned in written sources in history was in the work “De administradoimperio” by the Byzantine emperor. In the year 1990 it was one of the best developed municipalities in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Tuzla International Airport was founded by Tuzla – Podrinje Canton Assembly act of Law establishing PE Tuzla International Airport – Airport Dubrave during 1998. Based on Dayton Peace Accord and Memorandum of Understanding signed by BiH Council of Ministers and IFOR peace forces, PE Tuzla International Airport was open for civil air transport, operating as military/civilian airport.
From October 1998 to December 2006 International Peace Keeping Forces used Tuzla Air Base primarily for military operations and they have completely closed PE Tuzla International Airport several times for various reasons.
After complete military withdrawal, PE Tuzla International Airport started with implementation of all technical requirements and standards imposed by ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization). Finally, on 05 June 2008, PE Tuzla International Airport obtained Provisional Certificate for Public Use Airport in international air transportation valid for one year.
Carrier: Wizz air – flights to / from European cities
Wizz Air stations the Airbus A 320 at Tuzla airport which flies to Malmo, Dortmund, Basel, Eindhoven, Gothenburg, and has also introduced new lines to Oslo, Frankfurt, Munich and Stockholm.
Tuzla airport carries out departures to: Dortmund, Malmo, Gothenburg, Eindhoven, Memmingen, Frankfurt, Hahn, and Basel.
Here are some photographs from Tuzla.